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That advice, surprisingly, doesn’t come from you grandmother but from more dieticians and nutritionists who are actually helping people to maintain healthy weights. Yes, in addition to the usual roll-out of “How to Slim-down Your Thanksgiving” and tips on how to avoid packing on the pounds, some health experts are advising that we go a little easier on ourselves over the holidays. They’re certainly not recommending that you scarf up everything you see, but the key to keeping cravings and temptations in check may be to give in to some — in moderation.
That advice is based on some solid research. Studies show, for example, that when you put certain foods on a do-not-eat list, people end up wanting, and eating them more, and actually gaining weight. A 2012 study by researchers at Tel Aviv University found that dieters who ate a pastry every day lost more weight than dieters who avoided them completely. While both groups of dieters were on a low-calorie diet, the pastry group ate a cookie, slice of cake, doughnut or piece of chocolate every morning. Although by the end of the 16 week study, both groups had lost an average of 33 lbs, the group who treated themselves to dessert every morning went on to lose another 15 lbs on average, and reported feeling less hunger and cravings during that time. And researchers from the University of British Columbia reported that when people are told certain foods or objects are forbidden, the brain concentrates on them more than usual.
Other studies in mice have found that when the animals were only enticed with the occasional bit of sugar, then deprived of it, they were more likely to overindulge in sugar once it was brought back into their diet.
“Holiday asceticism makes no sense, because it ruins the holiday and is too little, too late anyway,” says Dr. David Katz, the director of the Yale-Griffin Prevention Research Center and author of the new book Disease Proof: The Remarkable Truth About What Makes Us Well. Watching everyone else dig into the feast is going to be tough if you insist on sitting it out. “The problem is when we deprive ourselves of foods that we love, it makes us want them more. Then, when we finally do have them, we overeat them. We lose the ability to control how much we eat of those foods,” says Keri Gans, a registered dietitian and author of The Small Change Diet.

Commercial insurance is a necessity for every business owner. The kind of coverage that a business chooses will depend on a number of factors such as the type of business activity that the business undertakes, the risks involved, the location of the business, the cost and scope of coverage, and the number of employees, among others. Below is a brief look at some of the commercial insurance options that business owners should have.

What kind of insurance should business owners purchase?
  • Property Insurance
Every business owner desires to safeguard all property that the business owns, against risks arising from fire, natural disasters, civil disobedience, vandalism, and many other risks. To do this, he/she should consider purchasing commercial. It is however, important to note that the term "property", in this case may be translated to mean many things, including buildings, furniture and fittings, business documentation, money, computers and equipment, lost revenue, or interruption of business activity.
  • General Liability Insurance
It is normal for a business to experience various legal hassles arising from injuries in the workplace, accidents, or claims of negligence on the part of the business. As such, the general liability insurance seeks to cover the business against such risks. The cover handles liability payments arising from medical expenses, the cost of lawsuits, compensation for bodily injuries, property damage, libel, slander, settlement of bonds, and many others.
  • Professional liability Insurance
This form of insurance coverage is commonly referred to as the "errors and omissions insurance". This is because the cover seeks to protect the business from liability arising from errors,, and negligence in the fulfillment of professional duties or provisions of required services to clients. This form of liability insurance is particularly useful for businesses providing technical and professional services, such as healthcare providers and legal practitioners.

ank of America reported a sharp rise in third-quarter earnings on Wednesday, but its mortgage operations faltered, underscoring that home loans remain a challenging business for the nation’s banks.
Bank of America said its quarterly profit rose to $2.5 billion, or 20 cents a share, from $340 million in the period a year earlier, when the bank was hit by litigation expenses and other charges.

Excluding a type of financial charge that investors often ignore, third-quarter revenue f
ell slightly, to $22.2 billion, from $22.5 billion in the period a year earlier. Other large banks have also reported a decline in their top lines, an indication that, five years after the financial crisis, they are still struggling to expand their businesses.
Analysts expected the company to earn 19 cents a share in the latest quarter. Bruce Thompson, Bank of America’s chief financial officer, said on Wednesday that it was fair to compare the estimates to the 20 cents a share that the bank reported.
“We made very good progress in an environment that did have its challenges,” Mr. Thompson said.
Bank of America’s wealth management operations, which contain Merrill Lynch, were a source of strength, posting $719 million of net income, a 26 percent jump from a year earlier.

The giant money management firm BlackRock is now managing a record $4 trillion after customers put more money into its stock mutual funds and exchange traded funds.
The flow of new money helped push BlackRock’s third-quarter profit up 14 percent from the period a year earlier. The company said net income in quarter rose to $730 million, or $4.21 a share, from $642 million, or $3.66 cents a share, in the third quarter of 2012. The results were roughly in line with the expectations of analysts polled by Bloomberg News.But BlackRock’s results were less impressive when compared with the second quarter of the year, as net income and revenue fell slightly. But the company attracted new money from its customers to a number of its product lines.
The iShares exchange trade funds, among the company’s fastest growing parts, drew in $20 billion, and $8 billion came into its retail funds. That was offset by the nearly $11 billion that big institutions took out of active and indexed stock funds. Overall inflows were $25.2 billion.
The company’s chief executive, Laurence D. Fink, said in a statement that the growth came despite the hesitation investors have had in putting new money to work, given all the uncertainty out of Washington.

What advice do you have for MBAs who are negotiating their salary?
Many MBAs don’t think they can negotiate before they get an offer. But they can plant the seeds for negotiation during their internship. They can consider what tracks they can follow or what teams they can join in an organization that will help them get promoted faster and paid more.
Also, they can make the first move. They should think of the negotiation as just asking questions. Think of it as a nuanced conversation that is exploratory rather than a negotiation. You want to start a job feeling really good, as though you got a fair MBA salary.

If there’s one thing China has plenty of, it’s people—right?
Well, not exactly. With China’s economy expanding at a solid and sustainable 7.8 percent last year, many Chinese companies are having trouble recruiting and retaining the workers they need.
As recently noted in The Wall Street Journal, “the Federation of Hong Kong Industries, a trade group for manufacturers in China, says about 80% of its members are having problems recruiting workers.” Keeping them after they get them is another problem. Wage increases alone are no longer enough. Companies are trying everything to win the hearts and minds of their increasingly mobile and independent-minded workers.
As the global economy recovers from its long malaise, the challenges will grow. If the U.S. Congress approves comprehensive immigration reform, somewhat of a long shot at this stage, the competition for talent will increase even more. We could see global bidding wars for the best, the brightest, and the hardest working; don’t bet against it.
When we wrote “GLOBALITY: Competing with Everyone from Everywhere for Everything” some five years ago, we predicted, among other things, that the competition for skilled workers and management talent would increase significantly in the coming years. Little did we realize how quickly everyone would feel the pinch.
Much of the story, as we suggested then, has to do with demographics. According to China’s National Bureau of Statistics, the country’s working-age population—which includes all able-bodied individuals between 15 and 59—was 937.3 million in January 2013. That would seem more than enough. But pull the camera back and use a wider lens, and you see a different picture: The 937 million was nearly 3.5 million fewer than the year before.
With China’s one-child policy, which some are rethinking, the trend is both unmistakable and ominous.
Make no mistake: The challenge is global. Despite Europe’s continuing economic woes, including extraordinarily high rates of unemployment, similar long-term trends can be seen there.
Consider Germany, the lynchpin of the EU economy.
A recent study from the Robert Bosch Foundation in Stuttgart, as reported in the Financial Times, estimates that aging and population decreases could shrink the German workforce by as much as 12 percent by 2030. Already, according to the CIA World Factbook, the median age of Germany’s population is 45.7 years, more than eight years greater than the U.S. median age. Other current estimates include 40.6 in France, 44.2 in Italy, 41.3 in Spain, 42.4 in Sweden, and 40.3 in the U.K. Japan’s median age is even higher: 45.8.
By comparison, China looks youthful at 36.3. But the population is aging rapidly, and the one-child policy offers no relief. So employee recruitment and retention become more important and more competitive every year.
Germany is fortunate right now. With the overall EU unemployment rate over 12 percent, they can import skilled workers from elsewhere. But this provides only temporary relief. When demand increases elsewhere, Germany will have the same problem as everyone else.
While demographics isn’t everything, talent acquisition should be near the top of every executive’s long-term planning agenda: How many and what types of workers will we need in the future, and where are we going to find them?

It has already begun: Japan has just cancelled a large contract to purchase U.S. wheat. "We will refrain from buying western white and feed wheat effective today," Toru Hisadome, a Japanese farm ministry official in charge of wheat trading, told Reuters.

As many readers well know, I predicted precisely this scenario just yesterday in a Natural News article warning about the consequences of genetic pollution. There, I wrote, "All wheat produced in the United States will now be heavily scrutinized -- and possibly even rejected -- by other nations that traditionally import U.S. wheat. This obviously has enormous economic implications for U.S. farmers and agriculture."

Now we're already seeing the result: the ditching of U.S. wheat by world nations that want nothing to do with GMOs.

Monsanto is a ticking time bomb for U.S. agriculture

This proves, without any question, that Monsanto's genetic experiments which "escaped" into commercial wheat fields are now going to devastate U.S. wheat farmers. Expect the floor to drop out on wheat prices, and watch for a huge backlash against the USDA by U.S. farmers who stand to lose hundreds of millions of dollars on this.

As the USDA has now admitted, Monsanto's GMO experiments from 1998 - 2005 were held in open wheat fields. The genetically engineered wheat escaped and found its way into commercial wheat fields in Oregon (and possibly 15 other states), causing self-replicating genetic pollution that now taints the entire U.S. wheat industry.

"Asian consumers are keenly sensitive to gene-altered food, with few countries allowing imports of such cereals for human consumption," writes Reuters. It continues:

Asia imports more than 40 million tonnes of wheat annually, almost a third of the global trade of 140-150 million tonnes. The bulk of the region's supplies come from the United States, the world's biggest exporter, and Australia, the No. 2 supplier.

Another incredible Monsanto achievement: the genetic contamination of the U.S. wheat supply

Nice job, Monsanto. You've managed to spew your genetic pollution across the fields of innocent U.S. farmers who are now going to lose huge sums of money due to the reject of U.S. wheat by all the other world nations that refuse to feed their populations GMO.

And a big thumbs up to the USDA, too, for screwing U.S. farmers by green-lighting open-field GMO experiments that we all warned were going to result in runaway genetic pollution. The USDA, of course, is the official cheerleading squad for Monsanto's criminal "science" that we all know is a total fraud. How do these scientists now suggest this self-replicating genetic pollution be put back into the black box from which it emerged?

It can't be done, of course. So now the entire future of the U.S. wheat supply is at risk thanks to Monsanto and the USDA. Nice one, folks. Score another victory for the scumbag destroyers in Washington D.C. and the greed-driven executives at our favorite corporation, Monsanto.

And remember: Genetically modified wheat is only the beginning. Monsanto has no doubt unleashed genetic pollution across many other crops as well. We're now living in an age where Monsanto is essentially ejaculating its patented seed across all the farms of America, then claiming to "own" the contaminated crops. What a wonderful image of corporate responsibility and service to humankind. I can't wait to see what other U.S. crops will be rejected by world nations due to Monsanto's genetic pollution.

Don't be fooled by the bread demons, you CAN be healthy on a low-carb diet
If you’ve been turned on to the low-carb Paleo diet craze, you may have noticed increased energy, better digestion and happier mood, and a shrinking waist line. Good for you. But some folks who’ve taken the Primal leap—particularly those who were previously on a high-carb diet—have been faced with unexpected side effects waving them back to the world of bread, sugary fruits and sweet potato casserole.
Interestingly, these side effects include a wide range of symptoms that are nearly identical to symptoms of severe thyroid hormone deficiency. More interestingly, lab tests often show normal or near normal thyroid function. More interesting still is that these symptoms seem to only be relieved by adding back carbs into the diet, sometimes upward of 300 grams—a level I consider to be very likely to harm.
Why is this happening? Is it that low-carb simply doesn’t work for everyone, or is something else going on?
In an effort to get to the bottom of this, low-carb asking his cadre of low-carb literate practitioners to weigh in on the issue with our opinions. This so happens to be an issue I’ve been pondering since reading about the controversy over safe starches, and a couple pieces of the puzzle recently fell into place that I think I add up to at least one explanation for the debilitating symptoms some people develop on going low-carb, and offer a method for anyone going low-carb to do so without problems.
Here’s what I discovered about those with thyroid problems.
Abrupt Change May Be too Much For the Thyroid
People who run into trouble going low-carb seem to follow a pattern. They follow any number of diets from SAD to vegan before making a relatively abrupt switch to a low carb (often less than 50 gm) diet. At first they lose weight as hoped but then, instead of feeling more energetic from their weight loss, they develop fatigue, sometimes accompanied by symptoms of low thyroid function including cold extremities, hair loss, and digestive problems. Only by consuming more carbs again can they reduce these symptoms.
Because their fatigue and other symptoms are classic for thyroid malfunction, many will get their levels tested, only to come away confused when the tests health practitioners typically order (TSH and T4) come out normal.
Those who get more extensive testing may get a test called reverse T3, or rT3 for short. These are often abnormally high, leaving them to believe they have found the root of the problem. Some are given a prescription for T3 in hopes of regaining energy and the intervention seems to help, at least a little.
Reverse T3 is a kind of chemical opposite of regular T3, a mirror image compound called an enantiomer. Reverse T3 has opposite effects of T3, and has long been associated with a set of symptoms aptly called hibernation syndrome—fatigue, weight gain, and so on. If you have suffered from severe hypothyroidism, you may have gone through times where you felt like you really just want to crawl away to a quiet place and rest for a long, long while. Your body was telling you to hibernate.
In addition to making our energy go dormant, high rT3 is also associated with increased levels of LDL, often in the 200s.

Interestingly, those who have added carbs back into their diet and have gotten retested find that their levels of rT3 have gone down without additional T3 supplementation. What’s more, if their LDL was high, adding carbs back to the diet also solved that problem as well, completely counter to the idea that carbs drive insulin which increases LDL.
I have to admit that though I have cared for thousands of people following low carb diets to my knowledge none ran into this problem so I paid very little attention to the issue with rT3. Only when I started reading about people suffering from thyroid side effects from following low carb did I started seriously thinking about that pesky little molecule. I wondered what it was supposed to be good for: Why would nature program our biology to manufacture a compound that seems to do little other than make people miserable and potentially clog our arteries?

There’s no question that eating certain foods can help lower cholesterol—oats, nuts and fish high in omega-3 fatty acids are particularly effective. And previous research suggests that plant sterols—those plant compounds added to foods like margarine, orange juice and yogurt drinks—can also help lower cholesterol levels. Two new studies offer important information on how small changes to your diet and eating habits can help significantly lower cholesterol levels.
A Daily “Drip” of Plant Sterols
Many people have turned to foods fortified with plant sterols in an effort to lower cholesterol. It appears, however, that getting the most benefit from these foods isn’t as simple as gulping a fortified glass of orange juice in the morning or slathering your toast with margarine. Rather, a small study suggest that consuming plant sterols throughout the day—what researchers term a daily “drip”—may help lower cholesterol as much as 6 percent in as little as six days.

Researchers at Tufts University in Boston, Mass., recruited 29 volunteers to determine the effects of consuming plant sterols throughout the day over a six-day period. During the control phase, all participants consumed a weight-maintaining diet free of plant sterols. For the second phase, participants were placed on the same diet, but with the addition of 1.8 grams of plant sterols at breakfast. During the third phase, the volunteers once again consumed the same diet, but ate 1.8 grams of plant sterols divided equally between the three main meals each day. For two weeks between each phase, participants consumed their normal diets.
Measurements of LDL-cholesterol levels were taken at the beginning and end of each phase, with the greatest reduction—6 percent—occurring following the third phase when plant sterols were consumed throughout the day. The full results were published
An Apple a Day…
It may be an old adage, but the theory about eating an apple every day to keep the doctor away received some scientific backing from researchers at the University of Florida. They recruited 160 women, ages 45 to 65, to eat dried apples or prunes (about 240 calories worth) every day for a year. Researchers measured the subjects’ cholesterol levels at three-, six- and 12-month intervals. After six months, the women who ate the dried apples showed a 23 percent drop in LDL-cholesterol levels and a 4 percent increase in HDL levels. And, despite the added calories, the women lost, on average, 3.3 pounds over the course of the study.

“Reducing body weight is an added benefit to daily apple intake,” said lead researcher Dr. Bahram Arjmandi. Part of the reason for the weight loss, he explained, could be the fruit’s pectin, which is known to have a satiety effect. The next step in confirming the results of this study, which were presented at  in April in Washington, D.C., is a multi-investigator nationwide study.
High cholesterol is currently the most prevalent health condition in the United States, with an estimated 101 million Americans having a total cholesterol level greater than 200 mg/dl.  Though not considered a disease itself, high cholesterol is associated with numerous diseases, such as heart disease, hypertension, diabetes and stroke.

P ersonal training (PT) is a special one-on-one lessons to exercise for safe and quick results. You'll enjoy 60 minutes of highly-motivated learning of effective exercise techniques and proper nutrition guidance particularly suitable for you under close supervision by a coach using ACE  most updated, effective and proven exercising techniques.
PT is most suitable for those who has determination to reach their specific goals in a short time.
Achievements are beyond valuation because,
besides reaching your goals, better lifestyles would bring about more self-confidence, better health as well as better postures.

Suitable for those having the following problems:
Break through plateaus/ New to exercise/ Improve technical skills/
Individualized monitor/ Motivation Efficiency

To shop for insurance is usually not the most enjoyment you are able to have, although it does not have to be hard either.  Regarding finding the correct Alberta Motorcycle Insurance policy, there're some ways you are able to go about it.  Do your hunt for the correct policy for meeting your requirements somewhat simpler on yourself by being focused on some major factors & narrowing down your hunt to the insurance corporations & agents who are able to make available you the most excellent Motorcycle Insurance in Alberta. Given that Alberta contains a privatized insurance arrangement, you have much diverse options for where you would like to purchase your policy.  Unlike a number of other provinces, you are able to select from every one of the obtainable insurance companies (like Calgary Motorcycle Insurance Company, company of Motorcycle Insurance in Edmonton etc.) and put side by side the rates, coverage as well as services made available by the corporation.  Even though rates inside Alberta for motorbike insurance happen to be regulated in the similar manner that automobile insurance rates happen to be, by the Alberta auto Insurance Rate Board, this makes available only a greatest that a cover corporation is able to charge for any specific policy.  Insurance corporations still contain the right to establish their personal rates, provided that they don't go beyond this limit.  This implies you are able to shop about for the most excellent rate on your policy & be assured you'll never reimburse additional to the lawfully allowed greatest for your motorbike, driving record & experience level.

There're three major ways of shopping for Motorcycle Insurance in Alberta:

Much similar to a broker, an agent happens to be a middle man among you & the insurance corporation, and is able to assist you decide on the correct coverage.  An agent, not like a broker, works with just one insurance corporation.  This has the advantage of making them a specialist on their corporation's policies as well as services, but implies you are just going to get a single quote from Single Corporation at a time.

 In conclusion, you are able to buy your policy in a straight line from the insurance corporation, having the middle man left out entirely.Every one of such options has a number of pros as well as cons.  A broker allows you to put side by side rates from many companies, but might not be as well-informed about every one of the corporations in question.  An agent makes available the same professional advice, other than with additionally detailed information of the single corporation in question.  In both cases, you have to go through your broker or agent to purchase your policy.  From time to time, this can stand for a superior rate since there's a commission shelled out to the broker / agent, save for this isn't at all times the case.  A broker as well as an agent makes available personalized service as well as individual advice.

We have worked with schools across the United States, and believe us, you are not the only person asking this question! The answers that we have heard from our customers are as varied as our customers are. The debate over school uniforms is complicated, so we've included highlights from both sides for you to consider:
School uniforms are a bargain. They are becoming far less expensive than many other clothes. Schools argue that school uniforms are economical, especially compared to designer clothing, and parents agree given school uniform durability. They say school uniforms last longer because they are made for repeated wash and wear. Many schools capitalize on this by starting used school uniform stores or swap meets. Parents can get used school uniforms at discount prices, or just use them as hand-me-downs between siblings.
School Spirit:
Some feel wearing a school uniform helps build school spirit. It instills a feeling of belonging. As the Beach Boys said, "Be true to your school." Schools report an increase in school pride.
Supressing individuality is the most commonly cited objection to school uniforms. Educators argue that an academic program encouraging students to pursue individual thought is much more important than what they wear. They inhibit creativity and self-expression, forcing students to conform.
Causes Discipline Problems:
Some students reject any rules. Forcing them to wear school uniforms only aggravates their rebelious spirit. They alter their school uniform by tightening, widening, shortening, or lengthening them, and teachers are given the impossible task of policing the students on a daily basis.
Little or No Relationship to Academics:
Opponents insist that their is no credible evidence that school uniforms improve school discipline or promote higher academic acheivement. The principal argument is that some great students are terrible dressers. Dress does not necessarily improve learning.

Computer Interfaces
A lot of computer interfaces are going wireless. To give comfort at work, optical mouse`s and keyboard`s are being designed to eliminate the wire. There are many gaming consoles which work without being connected via wire. There are systems which capture real time data and then send them for detailed analysis like the weather forecast system. There the system is located in a remote area and hence no wired connection is possible. After capturing the data`s the system transmits them with the help of blue tooth technology to some remote server. The remote server does all the calculations and then sent it to some other remote servers to transmit the data.The wireless technologies are based on sensors. Think of the television or some other remote. It is connected without wires but works fine from a certain distance. The principle of working is a sensor is kept at both the devices i.e. the television and the remote. When a signal is generated and transmitted it is received by the sensor located in the Television. On receipt of the signal, the corresponding interrupt is triggered to change the present state as directed. The sensors need to work fine and should be maintained in such a way so that they do not get damaged quickly.

Sign posts on roads and highways have to face a lot of wear and tear due to different kinds of pressures and impacts. This is the reason that sturdy posts like a steel delineator post are used to ensure the safety of traffic, as they are able to sustain in all kinds of weather and withstand the challenges presented by a busy road. Sign posts and delineator posts are of two types – flexible ones and the ones that are not flexible. Here we will discuss flexible sign posts and lane dividers. These sign posts and dividers are made of hard and durable polymers which can withstand the impact if a vehicle runs into them. They also have hardware inbuilt into them which enables the mounting of signs. There are a variety of different sign posts and dividers with different options available in the market like temporary signs and anti glare panels. These posts can be customized according to their placement and the requirement.

Many different factors affect how much weight a wheel can carry and every application is different. The "capacity" of a wheel to carry weight, or a wheel's ability to sustain a load will differ from application to application, and will depend greatly on;

  • the variety of stresses and strains placed on the wheel
  • in what direction loads are applied to the wheel
  • how often loads are applied to the wheel
  • how fast loads are applied to the wheel
  • the manner in which a load is set against the wheel
  • environmental rigours – temperatures, caustic mediums, etc.
  • the speed at which a wheel is made to travel
  • the number of wheels that will be used together to carry a load, and how they interact with one another
Users often ask "how much weight a wheel can hold"? The unique demands of every application make it difficult to provide a clear-cut answer, but rating systems have been developed to provide some insight. To give some idea of a wheel's suitability for an application, manufacturers and suppliers often discuss a "load rating" or "load capacity." Both terms are general and provide a basic description of the maximum amount of force that can safely be applied to a wheel in an ideal situation. A more definite term is safe working load (SWL).
Safe working load, sometimes referred to as normal working load, is the maximum weight that a manufacturer suggests a wheel can safely hold or transfer under ideal circumstances. It is calculated by determining the wheel's breaking point under a static load, and then dividing that number by an appropriate factor of safety. To help ensure jobsite safety and to mitigate its customers' risk, conservative factors are often applied when determining suggested SWL limits; determining the SWL requirement for an application requires an assessment by a competent person of the maximum load the wheel can sustain in the environment in which it will be used.
Not all applications are performed under ideal circumstances and wheels are often made to perform in hostile environments that may adversely affect a wheel's ability to bear weight. In these situations, it may be necessary to consult a professional. Some additional adverse factors that may indicate that a professional assessment is necessary include:
  • a moist or damp environment
  • abnormally hot or cold conditions
  • any customizations to the dimensions of the wheel
  • potential exposure to any chemicals
  • speeds that will exceed 3 mph (4.82 kph)
  • load that cannot be distributed evenly against the tread of the wheel
  • multiple load or stress conditions; that is an operating environment where the wheel may be exposed to more than one type of load and/or more than one load direction

Stocks rose on Friday, as strong earnings from big companies lifted the Dow Jones industrial average, but the broader Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index posted its first weekly loss of the year.
The Dow closed up 119.95 points, or 0.9 percent, at 14,000.57, its third-biggest daily gain this year. The S.& P. 500 rose 13.18 points, also 0.9 percent, to 1,515.60. The Nasdaq composite index rose 30.33, or 1 percent, to 3,161.82.
The S.& P. 500 and Nasdaq closed slightly lower for the week, while the Dow edged higher.
Bill Stone, chief investment strategist with PNC Wealth Management, said he expected stocks to hold up despite the volatility this week.
“You’re going to get bumps and bruises along the way, but we do believe things are actually getting better, so I think there’s underlying demand” for stocks, Mr. Stone said.
Investors sent stocks plunging Wednesday after minutes from the Federal Reserve’s latest policy meeting revealed disagreement over how long the Fed should continue to buy bonds in an effort to support the economy. The slide continued Thursday. The Dow lost 155 points over those two days.
Many analysts say the Fed’s bond-buying and resulting low interest rates have driven this year’s stock rally, which lifted indexes to their highest levels since before the 2008 financial crisis. The Dow is now just 164 points below its nominal record close of 14,164, reached in October 2007.
United States stocks followed European stocks higher after a survey of German business optimism showed an increase in sentiment, adding to evidence that the country would avoid a recession. Germany’s economic vitality is crucial for the beleaguered region, offsetting economic contraction in surrounding countries.
“Germany is really the bedrock,” Mr. Stone said. “If it gives way, then you have real problems.”
The CAC-40 in France rose 2.2 percent, and the Germany DAX gained 1 percent.
The biggest gainer on Friday in both the Dow and S.& P. 500 was Hewlett-Packard, which beat all forecasts when it posted its first-quarter results late Thursday, a relief after months of bad news. H.P.’s shares on the New York Stock Exchange rose $2.10, or 12.3 percent, to $19.20.
Cabot Oil & Gas was the S.& P. 500’s second-best performer, a day after the company reported earnings above analysts’ expectations. Its stock rose $5.95, or 11.1 percent, to $59.81.